Pickleball for Beginners: An Introduction to the Game

Introduction: Discovering Pickleball – A Sport for Everyone

Imagine stepping onto a pickleball court, where the energy is palpable and the excitement infectious. Players on each side, paddles in hand, ready themselves for the serve. This is pickleball in action, a sport that seamlessly blends the pace and thrill of tennis, the finesse of badminton, and the quick reflexes of ping-pong.

For beginners, pickleball serves as an inviting gateway into the world of sports, offering a fun and engaging way to stay active. The small court size makes the game more approachable, reducing the intimidation factor often associated with learning a new sport. Pickleball is not just a game; it’s a community, a lifestyle, and a source of joy for people from all walks of life.

Pickleball Basics: Equipment and Setup

To get started with pickleball, you’ll need some basic equipment and an understanding of how to set up a pickleball court:

Basic Equipment

  • Paddles: Pickleball paddles are smaller than tennis rackets but larger than ping-pong paddles. They are usually made from wood, composite, or graphite materials.
  • Ball: The pickleball itself is similar to a wiffle ball, made of lightweight plastic and perforated with holes.
  • Net: The net in pickleball is similar to a tennis net but slightly lower. The standard net height is 36 inches at the sidelines and 34 inches in the middle.

Setting Up a Pickleball Court

  • Dimensions: A standard pickleball court is 20 feet wide and 44 feet long, divided into two equal sides by the net.
  • Service Areas: Each side of the court is further divided into two service areas (left and right), and a 7-foot non-volley zone (also known as ‘the kitchen’) is marked in front of the net.
  • Lines: The boundaries of the court and the non-volley zone are marked with lines. It’s important these are clear to determine faults and in-play balls.

When setting up for pickleball and using the basic equipment, it’s also important to take precautions to avoid pickleball injuries. Here are some key tips:

  • Proper Warm-Up: Before playing, engage in a warm-up routine to prepare your muscles and joints. This can include light jogging, stretching, or basic exercises to increase blood flow.
  • Use Correct Technique: Learn and use the correct techniques for serving, volleying, and other movements. Incorrect techniques can lead to strain and injuries.
  • Wear Appropriate Footwear: Use shoes designed for court sports. They provide better support for the lateral movements common in pickleball.
  • Cool Down: After playing, perform a cool-down routine, including stretching to help your muscles recover.

The Rules of the Game: Simplified

Source: backcourtpickleball.com


  • Points and Games: Points can only be scored by the serving side and games are typically played to 11 points, win by 2.
  • Keeping Score: The score is called in this order: serving team’s score, receiving team’s score, and for doubles, the server number (1 or 2).
  • Example: If the serving team has 5 points, the receiving team 3, and the first server is serving, the score is called “5-3-1”.


  • Underhand Serve: The serve must be hit underhand and below the waist.
  • Diagonal Service: The ball is served diagonally across the court, landing in the opposite service box.
  • Two-Bounce Rule: After the serve, the ball must bounce once on each side before volleys (hitting the ball before it bounces) are allowed.

The ‘Kitchen’ or Non-Volley Zone

  • 7-Foot Zone: A 7-foot zone in front of the net, known as the ‘kitchen’, is a non-volley zone.
  • No Volleying in the Kitchen: Players are not allowed to volley (hit the ball in the air) while standing in the kitchen.
  • Real-Life Scenario: Think of the kitchen like a “no-fly zone” where you can only hit the ball if it bounces first. It prevents players from dominating the game by smashing the ball from a close range at the net.


  • Hitting the Ball Out of Bounds: The ball must stay within the court lines.
  • Not Clearing the Net: Failing to hit the ball over the net.
  • Volleying in the Kitchen: Hitting the ball in the air while standing in the non-volley zone.

Remember, while these rules cover the basics, pickleball, like any sport, has additional rules and nuances that you’ll learn as you play more. For beginners, the best way to understand and remember the rules is to get out on the court and start playing. As you gain experience, the rules will become second nature. For more detailed rules and scenarios, consulting official pickleball rulebooks or joining a local club can be very helpful.

Common Beginner Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Hitting the Ball Too Hard

Focus on placement over power. It’s more about strategy than strength. Work on your control by practicing different shot types and aiming at specific areas of the court.

Forgetting the Two-Bounce Rule

Remember that after the serve, the ball must bounce once on each side of the net before volleys are allowed. Practice patience and wait for the ball to bounce before hitting it.

Standing in the Kitchen

Be mindful of the non-volley zone (kitchen). Avoid entering this area unless you are hitting a ball that has bounced. Practice moving back and forth from the kitchen line to get comfortable with the boundary.

Neglecting Footwork

Good footwork is key. Practice moving side to side and front to back smoothly. Stay on the balls of your feet and be ready to move in any direction.

Ignoring the Mental Game

Stay focused and anticipate your opponent’s moves. Work on developing strategies for different playing styles.

Conclusion: Your Pickleball Adventure Awaits

As you stand at the threshold of your pickleball adventure, remember that the journey is as rewarding as the destination. This sport offers not only a fun and engaging physical activity but also a path to building community, enhancing fitness, and learning new skills. Whether you’re a beginner just grasping the basics or an aspiring competitor ready to take on tournaments, pickleball provides a diverse and welcoming environment for all.

Most importantly, enjoy the journey. Celebrate your progress, learn from your mistakes, and cherish the new friendships and experiences that come your way. Your pickleball adventure awaits, filled with excitement, challenges, and endless fun. So grab your paddle, step onto the court, and let the games begin!